Eggs are an important source of high quality protein and vitamins required for normal development, specifically for children.
Utilizing information supplied by the department of farming, we’ll reveal you how to develop, handle and preserve your own economical small egg production system.
Later, you can increase the size of the unit in order to sell eggs in your community. The details offered is based upon poultry production in the warm to hot locations of South Africa.
According to the layers poultry egg farming business plan, you can make a profitable business out of egg farming. See pointers below.
How it works
You can offer eggs for your family by keeping 9 to 12 hens. Each hen will lay up to 6 eggs weekly. If you have nine hens, state, they will lay a total of 8 or 9 eggs per day. You will require to offer 4 eggs daily to spend for the feed of the hens.
The staying eggs can be used for household intake. It’s best to keep the hens in a cage. This will offer you a little, more workable space that is easy to keep clean, as the manure fails the mesh floor.
You can likewise see when the drinking water is finished.
The cage must be strong enough to bring 9 to 12 hens. A good size is 120cm long by 70cm broad by 45cm high, with 3 compartments.
You can buy one or make your own– ask your extension officer or a poultry manufacturer for advice here. Put the cage on poles or bricks, or secure it to the wall of a home, hut or shed.
Hang it from ropes tied to poles. Use an overhang or a roofing system to safeguard the cage from sunlight straight overhead, in addition to rain.
In hot climates, you can keep 9 hens in a cage– 3 in each compartment. In this way there will be enough space for minimal movement, and the birds can all get to the feed trough at the same time.
In cold climates, four hens can be kept in one compartment (an overall of 12), however then their motion will be very limited.
It’s best to purchase point-of-lay pullets (18 to 19 weeks old) that are all set to begin laying eggs. They must be of great quality and totally immunized versus all understood poultry diseases.
The best layer types are Amberlink or Hy-line. These will begin laying within two weeks of being bought (20 to 21 weeks of age).
Pullet eggs are little at first, however they slowly increase in size. The variety of eggs laid peaks halfway through the year and after that begins dropping.
The birds need to be kept for one year and after that sold as cull hens. Hens that are older than a year lay less and fewer eggs, up until they stop entirely.
They will, nevertheless, continue to consume the same amount of food, so your revenues will progressively drop till you can no longer pay for to run your enterprise.
Prior to selling
Before offering the hens for massacre, order brand-new pullets. Do this at least 4 months ahead of time. Start offering your old hens only when the brand-new hens are in production, specifically if you have standing orders with customers and do not wish to disappoint them. The money made from the old hens will spend for the new hens.
To lay well, the hens should get the very best possible feed. They require lots of calcium to lay eggs with difficult, strong shells.
It is best to buy a good industrial feed such as laying mash or pellets. The mash is specially created to supply all the nutrients that hens require in the correct quantities.
Both feed and fresh, cool water should be available in the trough at all times.
Each hen will consume 120g to 150g of feed each day; some will be lost, landing on the flooring.
One 50kg bag of feed will last about one month. Buy 2 months’ supply of feed before the hens show up. Next problem: keeping records and handling disease.
Light methods laying
In order for the hens to lay as numerous eggs as possible, they should have 16 hours of light every day.This can easily be achieved if you have electrical power, due to the fact that you can put the lights on before daybreak and let them stay on for a long time after sundown.
If you do not have electrical power, the hens will not lay as many eggs as they would with the extra electrical light.
To get optimal egg production without electrical energy, position the cage outside where the hens can use natural light.
Do not put the cage in direct sunlight; the hens will get too hot and die. With 16 hours of light every day, each hen will lay about 280 eggs in a year. Without additional light, they will lay about 200 eggs.
Make more Money
Fresh manure can be covered with a layer of sawdust, dried leaves, lawn or any other dry vegetation every day. It will end up being excellent compost if turned frequently. This likewise helps to eliminate bad smells.
The manure can be offered in feed bags as organic fertiliser or compost for vegetable gardens.