How To Maintain An Electric Fence

10 Sep

Keep your animals consisted of and safe on your farm by keeping your electric fencing in working order.

Electric fencing is an exceptionally useful fencing system for lots of farmers and can handling several jobs. It can make an excellent fencing choice for horses, cattle, sheep, goats and chickens, plus it can be a safe fencing option while still being fairly easy– and economical– to establish. Correctly working electric fencing can be efficient in deterring predators and can even be a tool for keeping animals out of your garden. Additionally, a hair or 2 of electric fence wire can always be utilized increase the effectiveness of other types of fencing.

Electric fencing is available in a range of designs and installation setups to satisfy these varying tasks, but no matter what type of electric fencing you utilize, correct fence repair and installation & maintenance is crucial to keeping your fence functioning properly and keeping your animals (or plants) safe. Let’s look at a couple of things you need to understand to keep a properly maintained electric fence.

Electric Fence Basics

It’s important to be knowledgeable about the essentials of how an electric fence runs. It’s basically just a simple circuit. One terminal of the fence charger– the “fence” or “positive” terminal– is linked to the fencing, whether it be wire, rope or netting, etc. The other terminal– the “ground” or “negative” terminal– is linked to metal grounding rods that are put deep into the soil, providing all of the ground in the fence’s area an unfavorable charge.

At this moment, the circuit is not finished due to the fact that the fence wires and the ground are not touching each other. To complete the circuit and receive the designated electric shock, it’s needed for an animal to be touching both the ground and the fence at the exact same time. (This is why birds can sit on electric fence wires without receiving a shock– they aren’t touching the ground and, therefore, aren’t completing the circuit.) This is the fundamental concept behind all electric fences, and the majority of the upkeep that a fence needs involves this idea.

Periodic Volt Checks

The best thing you can do to keep your fence running properly, especially if the animals have seemed to have actually lost regard for the fence, is walk around it occasionally and check various points and lines with your voltage tester. Are you getting a great charge in all places? Is each line working? If not, you’ll require to investigate why. Is the fence being shorted out somehow, maybe from a damaged insulator or wire? Check the fence up until you find the factor. Do you get great voltage near to the battery charger, but less at the far end of the pasture? If so, you might need to set up extra grounding rods. Periodic checks like this can conserve you time and issues later.

Weeds

Excess greenery growing together with your electric fence can cause huge problems. When greenery, which has lots of water and therefore relatively conductive of electricity, grows up and touches a fence, it can trigger a brief, robbing the fence of valuable power and wasting electrical energy. Preferably, fence owners ought to keep their fence lines cut and free of weeds. This isn’t always simple, specifically with big pastures, so you might likewise desire to invest in a battery charger that’s strong enough to keep the fence powered even through plants, while still doing your finest to keep weed control.

Winter season Issues

For areas that get snow, winter season can be a difficult time to keep your electric fence running effectively. Off, your grounding will end up being weaker. This is caused by two factors: one, due to the fact that frozen ground is not nearly as reliable at performing electrical energy as warmer ground which contains liquid water. The other reason is that snow buildup on the ground– specifically in animal paddocks where the snow might get packed down and become deep and company– serves as a layer of insulation in between the animal’s feet and the ground, triggering a loss of conductivity.

To remedy this, you might require to turn among your fence wires into a “ground line.” With this strategy, you attach one strand of electric fencing, usually near the middle of the fence, to the ground terminal instead of the fence terminal, successfully changing it from a favorable line to a negative line. The concept here is that if an animal attempts to lean on or press through a fence, they will likely touch both a positive and unfavorable line at the very same time and receive a shock in this manner, despite how well the fence is grounded.

Another concern you can face in winter is sagging fence lines lowered by the weight of snow or ice that adheres to the wires. Keep an eye on your fence and tighten up as essential.

Solar Panels

If you use a photovoltaic panel to supply your fence with electricity, it’s important to make certain that it receives as much sunlight as possible. Keep the panel without snow or dust, and tilt it towards the sun as the seasons development– point it higher towards the sky in the summer, lower towards the south in the winter. And if you find your solar setup just isn’t strong enough for the size of your pasture, consider switching to a plug-in charger.